The hip joint is a ball and socket type of joint which is formed between the thigh bone and the hip bone. It is one of the strongest and firm fitted joints of the human body which could be inflamed or diseased due to certain joint ailments like arthritis, Trochanteric Bursitis, Tendonitis, Osteonecrosis, Lumbar Pain, Snapping Hip Syndrome, Muscle Strains, Hip Fracture, and Stress Fracture. Arthritis still stands as the prime indication for a hip replacement surgery.
You could be a suitable candidate for a hip joint replacement when you have difficulty in in walking, bending, and doing daily activities, if the hip pain is not relieved with the change in pain medications, physical therapy, and exercise.
A hip replacement surgery is a major surgical procedure where in a part or the complete hip joint is replaced by an artificial joint. The surgical procedure is performed under the influence of general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia, with or without sedation and requires a dedicated change in lifestyle and rehabilitative exercises to help aid in the artificial joint movement.
During the surgical procedure, the surgeon exposes the hip joint and recontours the hip bone by eliminating any damaged cartilage and/or damaged part of the thigh bone which in turn is replaced by an artificial implant to permit the joint movement.
Hip replacement surgery can be categorized as:
- Partial hip replacement
- Total hip replacement
- Minimally invasive hip replacement
It can also be divided into –
- Cemented Total Hip Replacement
- Uncemented Total Hip Replacement
There are many different types of designs and materials are currently used in artificial hip joints. All of them consist of two basic components: the ball component (made of highly polished strong metal or ceramic material) and the socket component (a durable cup of plastic, ceramic or metal, which may have an outer metal shell).
Your orthopedic surgeon will choose the type of prosthesis that best meets your needs.
Hip replacement surgery has been performed since 4-5 decades and has relieved individuals from hip joint pain, restricted mobility, and discomfort.
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