The cervix also known as the neck of the uterus is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus that opens at the top of the vagina. It protrudes through the upper anterior vaginal wall and is cylindrical or conical in shape.
Cervical cancer is the malignancy that starts in the cervix. Cervical cancer instigate from the cells located on the surface of the cervix. Cells located on the cervix’s surface are of two types: Squamous and Columnar Cells. Squamous cells are more prone to cancer. Over time, the cervical cancer invades more deeply into the cervix and nearby tissues. Worldwide it is the third most common type of cancer in women.
Approximately all cervical cancers are caused by HPV (human papilloma virus). HPV is spread through sexual intercourse. Major risk factors for cervical cancer are as follows.
Some of the common symptoms of cervical cancer are as follows.
Special tests and tools are needed to diagnose cervical cancer.
Treatment of cervical cancer generally depends on the size, shape and stage of the cancer. It also depends upon the age and health of the patient as also her desire for having children in future is a major provision before finalizing the line of treatment.
Removal or destruction of cancerous cells is done through surgery. Different types of surgeries are done for early cervical cancer.
In this electricity is used to eliminate abnormal tissues.
The abnormal cells are made to freeze in this therapy
Malignant cells are burnt with the help of light
It includes removal of the uterus and other surrounding tissues including lymph nodes and upper part of the vagina.
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