Spinal fusion is a surgical treatment utilized for neck or back pain that fuses (unites) two or more vertebral bodies in the spinal column. The most common goal of spinal fusion surgery is to restrict spinal motion in order to relieve painful symptoms.
Spinal fusion surgery generally treats degenerative disc disease (DDD), trauma or aging resulting in spinal nerve compression, any atypical spinal curvatures (scoliosis or kyphosis) and vertebral instability brought about by either infections or tumors.
Spinal fusion corrects problems of the spinal vertebrae by fusing together the painful vertebrae so that they mould into a single, solid bone. When fusion surgery is done with a minimally invasive technique, it constitutes Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.
Spinal fusion may be performed using a minimally invasive or open approach. All fusion surgeries involve the placement of a bone graft between the vertebrae. The bone graft utilized may be taken either from another bone in the patient (autograft) or from a bone bank (allograft). Bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs) have been developed as a substitute for natural bone grafting material; BMP facilitates in-growth of bone to accomplish the fusion.
Spine fusion surgery is one of the most common spine surgery procedures among the patients travelling to India for spine treatment. There are some of the world-class spine hospitals in India that offer a very affordable spine surgery packages. Latest spine surgery techniques are used by experienced spine specialists.
Spinal Fusion Surgery is used to fuse together the small bones (known as Vertebrae) of the spine, in order to stop the unwanted motion between them. It also prevents unnecessary stretching of nerves, ligaments and muscles.
A spinal fusion surgery is done to eliminate the pain caused by abnormal motion of the vertebrae by immobilizing the vertebrae themselves. In many cases, surgeons use external hardware such as plates, screws and rods which help to hold the spine still. This is called internal fixation and this helps in increasing the rate of successful healing.
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