The brain is a very elaborately designed organ that has well organized tissues and nerves. It is the brain that runs the entire body, controls its vital functions and determines our personality. The brain is sheathed in by the hard bones of the skull and its layers (meninges), to defend it from damage. There is also a cerebrospinal fluid that flows throughout the brain, as well.
The three chief parts of the brain, the cerebrum, the cerebellum and the brain stem manage diverse activities.
Brain Tumors are basically tumors of the brain. These could be caused by radiation exposure, a family history, certain immune system disorders or immune deficiencies and recently, even over usage of cell phones is being debated as a cause.
The tumors affecting brain include Gliomas, Meningiomas, Medulloblastomas, Gangliogliomas, Schwannomas, Craniopharyngiomas and other tumors like Chordomas, Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas and Pituitary Adenomas.
These brain tumors stand as the prime indication for a brain tumor surgery.
You are a potential candidate for a brain tumor surgery when you are affected by increased brain pressure, seizures, mood swings like depression, weakness or paralysis in certain parts of the body, as well as by headache, vomiting, balance problems and blurred vision.
A bone tumor surgery is a major skilled surgical procedure to be done by a neurosurgeon. The basic surgical treatments for brain cancer comprise of craniotomy (most commonly). A craniotomy is removal of the brain tumor by making a surgical hole or opening in the skull, under general anesthesia or partial anesthesia. The various treatment options vary depending on the type of cancer, its staging and its location.
Brain tumor surgery has been advancing with great strides and has helped increasing brain cancer survival rates over recent years.