Glaucoma is caused by a number of varying eye diseases that in most cases produce augmented pressure within the eye. This elevated pressure is caused by a backup of fluid in the eye. Over time, it causes damage to the optic nerve. Through early detection, diagnosis and treatment, you and your doctor can help to preserve your vision.
Who Gets Glaucoma?
Those at higher risk to develop glaucoma are:
- People Over 60 years old
- Family history of Glaucoma
- Very nearsighted (myopic)
- Extensive users of steroids
What are the symptoms of Glaucoma?
These symptoms can include:
- Hazy vision
- Eye and head pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- The appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights
- Sudden sight loss
Depending on the kind of glaucoma you have, different treatment options are possible.
Glaucoma can be treated by oral and topical medications. A majority of glaucoma cases can be managed with one or more drugs. But some people may require surgery to reduce their eye pressure further to a not dangerous level by improving the outflow or drainage of fluids.
There is a laser procedure known as selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) which works for lowering internal eye pressure. This surgery might be considered as a chief treatment, especially for people who find it hard to comply with the strict, regular regimen needed for administering eye drops.
A different procedure called a trabeculectomy is needed for advanced glaucoma. It works by creating a drainage area. Another common option is a shunt, which is a device that a surgeon puts in your eye to improve fluid drainage.
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