A hernia is basically a bulge caused by tissue that pushes through the stomach muscle that’s enclosing it.
Most of the hernias are of the abdominal type. What this means is that they occur in the belly and groin areas. You may be having a hernia if you sense a soft lump in your belly or groin. The lump may disappear when you sit or lie down. It may be painful, especially when you cough, bend over, or lift something weighty.
The most common types of hernia are Inguinal, Umbilical & Epigastric Hernias. The other types of hernias are femoral hernia and incisional hernia.
An inguinal hernia (of the groin) is a swelling or bulge that is seen in either the abdomen (tummy or intestine), or in the groin. The intention of an inguinal hernia repair is to press the contents of the hernia back into their original place and reinforce the abdominal wall.
An umbilical hernia occurs when either the intestine, fat, or fluid pushes through a weakened place in the belly. This causes a bulge near the belly button or the navel.
The third type, the epigastric hernia occurs when fat pushes out through the weakened belly wall. It occurs in the upper midline of the belly. Mostly, these hernias are small and also multiple sometimes.
How is hernia repair done?
The operation typically lasts for 30 and 50 minutes based on the type of surgery you have. A single dose of intravenous antibiotics is given prior to surgery to lessen the risk of infection of the mesh.
There are two chief types of hernia repair – either keyhole (laparoscopic) or open surgery. Your surgeon will advise the type that is most suitable for you.
Hernia repair is usually done either under spinal or general anesthesia.
What is the preparation needed for hernia repair?
Your surgeon will clarify and explain how you should prepare for your operation.
If you’re having a general anesthetic, you will be unconscious and you will have to follow the necessary fasting instructions. Local anesthesia, on the other hand, completely blocks pain from the area and you will be staying awake during the operation.