Hip Replacement Surgery

Every year, a large number of patients from all around the world come to India for having a affordable and high quality hip replacement surgery at Top hospitals in India. In the process they avail a world-class medical treatment in India and also save a lot of money. Consider this; a hip replacement surgery in US would cost you 33,000 to 57000 US Dollars while the same surgery in India would cost you just 7000-8000 US Dollars. Apart from big savings on high quality hip replacement surgery, you also get a much personalized service. What else, you stay in an air-conditioned private room which has TV, Internet facility, laundry service and even has place for your attendant to stay in the same room.

Hip Joint
The hip joint is called a ball and socket joint because of its structure. It is formed by the head of the Femur (thigh bone) and the acetabulum of the pelvis (the hip bone). The dome-shaped head of the femur forms the ball which fits into the socket of the acetabulum. The hip joint is a very strong joint, due to the tight fitting of the bones and the strong surrounding ligamets and muscles.

Causes for Hip pain
Some of the most common causes for a hip pain are arthritis, Trochanteric Bursitis, Tendonitis, Osteonecrosis, Lumbar Pain , Snapping Hip Syndrome, Muscle Strains, Hip Fracture and Stress Fracture. The most common cause for a Hip Replacement surgery is the arthritis.

Diagnosis
The diagnosis of a hip pain starts with medical history taking by your doctor. Here the doctor tries understanding the cause for pain as well as reviewing any other underlying complaints. Observation of the hip at rest and while standing or walking, palpation (or feeling) of the hip and surrounding structures, testing for range of motion and strength, and checking for sensation and pulses all may be done. Few blood tests may also be ordered.

The most common imaging technique used in the diagnosis of a hip pain is X-ray. Other imaging like CT scan or a MRI scan may also be used.

To get a free opinion from hip replacement surgeons in India , please send x-rays of AP and Lateral views of your hip joint.

Hip Replacement Procedure
The most common type of hip arthritis is osteoarthritis. This is often referred to as “wear-and-tear” arthritis, and it results in the wearing away of the normal smooth cartilage until bare bone is exposed. This is the most common cause for severe hip pain which needs a total hip replacement surgery when conservative methods fail. A Total Hip Replacement (THR) is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased cartilage and bone of the hip joint is surgically replaced with artificial materials called the prosthesis or implant. In a hip replacement the diseased ball (the head of the thigh bone) and socket (acetabulum of the pelvis) are replaced with a metal ball and stem inserted into the femur (thigh) bone and an artificial plastic cup socket. Upon inserting the prosthesis into the central core of the femur, it is fixed with a bony cement . Alternatively a ‘cementless’ prosthesis is used which has microscopic pores that allow bony ingrowth from the normal femur into the prosthesis stem. This cementless hip is considered to have a longer life and is suited especially for younger patients.

Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy
The physiotherapy sessions post hip replacement surgery play a very important role in the recovery of the patient. Our network hospitals have a completely equipped physiotherapy and rehabilitation centres with well-trained and experienced staff. All the sessions are properly planned in consultation with your treating doctor and proper guidance is given at every step. Rehabilitation after hip replacement begins immediately. Patients will work with a physical therapist as soon as the surgical procedure has been performed. The emphasis in the early stages of rehab is to maintain motion of the hip replacement and to ensure that the patient can walk safely.

Benefits
The hip replacement operation is one of the most reliable operations in orthopaedic surgery and consistently reduces or eliminates the pain of the arthritis in most patients. Some of the important benefits of a Total Hip replacement surgery are, marked reduction in pain and improvement in sleep, most people regain range of motion, physical ability, and quality of life.

Risks
Like any other major surgery, a hip replacement surgery has some risks. But with the advancement of technology, implant and expertise these problems rarely occur. Some of the risks associated with a Hip Replacement Surgery are as follows.

  • Blood Loss
  • Infection of a Joint Replacement
  • Hip Dislocation
  • Leg Length Difference
  • Hip Implant Loosening
  • Blood Clots

Other procedures
At our Network hospitals other procedures associated with joint pain are routinely performed.

  • Arthrodesis
  • Arthroscopy
  • Arthroplasty
  • Osteotomy
  • Resection
  • Revision Joint Surgery
  • Synovectomy
  • Hip Resurfacing Surgery