The hip joint is called a ball and socket joint because of its structure. It is formed by the head of the femur (thigh bone) and the acetabulum of the pelvis (the hip bone). The dome-shaped head of the femur forms the ball which fits into the socket of the acetabulum. The hip joint is a very strong joint, due to the tight fitting of the bones and the strong surrounding ligamets and muscles.
What are the causes for hip joint pain ?
Some of the most common causes for a hip pain are arthritis, Trochanteric Bursitis, Tendonitis, Osteonecrosis, Lumbar Pain , Snapping Hip Syndrome, Muscle Strains, Hip Fracture and Stress Fracture. The most common cause for a hip replacement surgery is the arthritis.
How is hip joint pain diagnosed ?
The diagnosis of a hip pain starts with medical history taking by your doctor. Here the doctor tries to understand the cause for pain as well as reviewing any other underlying complaints. Observation of the hip at rest and while standing or walking, palpation (or feeling) of the hip and surrounding structures, testing for range of motion and strength, and checking for sensation and pulses all may be done. Few blood tests may also be ordered. The most common imaging technique used in the diagnosis of a hip pain is X-ray. Other imaging like CT scan or an MRI scan may also be used.
What is hip replacement surgery ?
The most common type of hip arthritis is osteoarthritis. This is often referred to as “wear-and-tear” arthritis, and it results in the wearing away of the normal smooth cartilage until bare bone is exposed. This is the most common cause for severe hip pain which needs a total hip replacement surgery when conservative methods fail. A total hip replacement (THR) is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased cartilage and bone of the hip joint is surgically replaced with artificial materials called the prosthesis or implant. In a hip replacement the diseased ball (the head of the thigh bone) and socket (acetabulum of the pelvis) are replaced with a metal ball and stem inserted into the femur (thigh) bone and an artificial plastic cup socket. Upon inserting the prosthesis into the central core of the femur, it is fixed with bony cement. Alternatively a ‘cementless’ prosthesis is used which has microscopic pores that allow bony ingrowth from the normal femur into the prosthesis stem. This cementless hip is considered to have a longer life and is suited especially for younger patients.
How important are rehabilitation and physiotherapy after a hip replacement surgery ?
The physiotherapy sessions post hip replacement surgery play a very important role in the recovery of the patient. Our network hospitals have a completely equipped physiotherapy and rehabilitation centers with well-trained and experienced staff. All the sessions are properly planned in consultation with your treating doctor and proper guidance is given at every step. Rehabilitation after hip replacement begins immediately. Patients will work with a physical therapist as soon as the surgical procedure has been performed. The emphasis in the early stages of rehab is to maintain motion of the hip replacement and to ensure that the patient can walk safely.
What are the benefits associated with hip replacement surgery ?
The hip replacement surgery is one of the most reliable operations in orthopedic surgery and consistently reduces or eliminates the pain of the arthritis in most patients. Some of the important benefits of a total hip replacement surgery are, marked reduction in pain and improvement in sleep, most people regain range of motion, physical ability, and quality of life.
What are the risks associated with hip replacement surgery ?
Like any other major surgery, a hip replacement surgery has some risks. But with the advancement of technology, implant and expertise these problems rarely occur. Some of the risks associated with a hip replacement surgery are as follows.
- Blood Loss
- Infection of a Joint Replacement
- Hip Dislocation
- Leg Length Difference
- Hip Implant Loosening
- Blood Clots
What are the other orthopedic procedures offered at our network bone and joint hospitals in India ?
At our Network hospitals other procedures associated with joint pain are routinely performed. Some of the most common procedures are as follows.
- Revision Joint Surgery
- Hip Resurfacing Surgery
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