IN VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF) is a treatment modality for infertility.
What is Infertility?
Infertility is basically defined as not being able to get pregnant even after one year of having unprotected intercourse. Or, for women of above 35 years, even after six months is considered as infertility. Women with more than one miscarriage or multiple miscarriages may be considered infertile as well.
What is the treatment for Infertility?
Drugs that stimulate or regulate ovulation may have to be used. Surgery includes either laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgeries which correct uterine shape or any uterine abnormalities. Tubal surgeries work to correct tubal defects that cause infertility. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is also an effective treatment for infertility.
What is Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)?
These include all treatments that comprise the laboratory handling techniques of the reproductive cells, the eggs or sperm, and/or embryos.
The best examples of assisted reproductive technology (ART) are in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (sperm injection into the egg, then transfer to the uterus), donor egg or donor embryo transfer.
Explaining it further, the methods used to help infertile couples include:
- Eggs from same woman + sperm from man= embryo, which is re-implanted into the uterus of woman.
- Donor eggs (eggs from another woman) or a donor sperm (sperm from another man) or a fertilized donor embryo can be used.