Kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that relates to a surgical procedure wherein a diseased kidney in an individual is replaced by a healthy kidney. A kidney transplant procedure is suggested if you are suffering from an end stage renal disease or both the kidneys have stopped functioning affecting your overall health.
And what is important to know is that, kidney transplant surgeries positively improve the overall outcome and health in individuals suffering from a chronic renal disease or end stage renal failure.
What is the procedure for kidney transplant surgeries?
If a person is willing for a kidney donation, he or she will first be thoroughly medically examined for any chronic illness and if their kidney can be given up for a transplant procedure. Usually a single kidney is removed from a healthy individual so that the other kidney performs the ongoing functions. The donor has to sign a duly filled consent form prior to kidney donation. The procedure of kidney donation is performed in an operation theatre by trained team of surgeons, nurses and technicians under general anaesthesia. Recent advances in the field of medicine also permit the use of laparoscopic procedures for the removal of kidney from a donor. Post removal the kidney is placed in saline and can remain vital for about 48 hours when kept in saline under adequate conditions.
The donor kidney is placed and is connected to the blood vessels, nerves and the urinary bladder to make it functional. After the kidney is positioned it is checked for its functioning and the surgical wound is closed with the help of sutures. You will then be closely monitored in a surgical intensive care unit to avoid any post operative complications.
Outcome of a kidney transplant:
Kidney transplant is a major surgical procedure which aims at the overall improvement of quality of life in patients who are affected with chronic renal disease. Though it is a major surgical procedure with several risks associated with it, its success rates are reported in literature. It is advised to ask your consulting specialist about the benefits and risks associated with the procedure. For a transplant to be successful it is essential to follow the pre-operative and post operative instructions, maintain a healthy lifestyle and continue the medication as suggested by your consulting specialist.