Spinal fusion is a surgical treatment utilized for neck or back pain that fuses (unites) two or more vertebral bodies in the spinal column. The most common goal of spinal fusion surgery is to restrict spinal motion in order to relieve painful symptoms.
What are the indications for Spine Fusion Surgery?
Spinal fusion surgery generally treats degenerative disc disease (DDD), trauma or aging resulting in spinal nerve compression, any atypical spinal curvatures (scoliosis or kyphosis) and vertebral instability brought about by either infections or tumors.
What is the purpose of Spine Fusion Surgery?
Spinal fusion corrects problems of the spinal vertebrae by fusing together the painful vertebrae so that they mould into a single, solid bone. When fusion surgery is done with a minimally invasive technique, it constitutes Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.
What do the discs in Spine Fusion Surgery consist of?
Spinal fusion may be performed using a minimally invasive or open approach. All fusion surgeries involve the placement of a bone graft between the vertebrae. The bone graft utilized may be taken either from another bone in the patient (autograft) or from a bone bank (allograft). Bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs) have been developed as a substitute for natural bone grafting material; BMP facilitates in-growth of bone to accomplish the fusion.