The spine is a very elaborately designed organ that has well organized tissues and nerves. It is the brain and spine that runs the entire body and controls its vital functions. The spine has a central spinal cord that is sheathed in by the hard bones (vertebrae) to defend it from damage. There is also a cerebrospinal fluid that flows throughout the brain and spine, as well.
Spine Tumors are basically tumors of the spine. These could also be of two basic types- primary type affecting the spinal cord first or metastatic type affecting another organ first (such as breast, lungs & prostate) and then spreading to the spinal cord.
The tumors affecting spinal cord are of three common types:
- Vertebral column tumors
- Intradural-extramedullary tumors,
- Intramedullary tumors.
These spine tumors stand as the prime indication for a spine tumor surgery, either open surgery or minimally invasive spine surgery. You are a potential candidate for a spine tumor surgery when your tumor is not responding to radiation therapy.
A spine tumor surgery is a major skilled surgical procedure to be done by a neurosurgeon. The basic surgical treatments for spine cancer comprise removal of the spine tumor, under general anesthesia or partial anesthesia. The various treatment options vary depending on the type of cancer, its staging and its location.
The various surgical modalities include-
- Open Surgery
- Minimally Invasive Surgery
- Spinal Cord Decompression
- Spinal Fusion Surgery